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Historical Monuments

Ky Anh Tunnel

Ky Anh tunnel is located in Tam Thai Commune, Phu Ninh District, about 7 km northeast of Tam Ky city. The local people built this tunnel to server for fighting, daily life activities, medical care, food storage, bullet storage for soldiers during the America-Vietnam war. It is a 20km long tunnel, under the hard and solid layer from 1-1,5 meter in depth. Ky Anh tunnel was dug continuously for two years from 1965 to 1967, and first restored in 1997.

Gieng Nha Nhi

This is a national historical relic, including a swallow pond covered by the trench, pine trees next to a monument. Right here, on 26th April 1962, there was a fight between 7 Vietnamese soldiers and a South Vietnam battalion in Dien Ngoc comnune. Bravely and wisely, 7 Vietnamese soldiers fought to the last and created a glorious feat of arms all over the Southern Vietnam at that time. They were conferred the title “Dien Ngoc Brave Men” by the Vietnamese Government.

Nuoc Oa Historical Military Base

Being part of Tra Tan commune, Tra My district, Nuoc Oa historical military base was located in a low mountainous area about 8km southwest of Tra My district. This place can be considered as the main revolutionary base during the two resistance defenses. It was also the head quarter of politics, military in Military Zone 5 in the period of anti- American war. It consistsof the head quarter of Military Zone 5, the residence and office, shelters trenches, fish ponds, orange orchards, kitchen and an observatory.  It was restored in 1996.

Nui Thanh Victory Statue

This was the place where Quang Nam people launched the first fight against American Imperialism and its armed forces. On May 25th 1965, Battalion No.70 of Quang Nam army section launched an attack to wipe out an American company, opening the movement “Seek American enemy to kill’’ all over North Vietnam. Nui Thanh was offered eight golden words: “Trung dung, kiencuong, di dau diet My” (loyal, fearless and advanced in killing the American enemy) by the State and Uncle Ho.

Hoi An Ancient Town - A World Cultural Heritage Site

Hoi An is an ancient town, close to Cua Dai beach, where the Thu Bon river flowing into the East sea. Hoi An was famous with the name “faifoo” in the 16th and 17th centuries and familiar with the Japanese, Indonesian, Chinese, Portuguese, Italian merchants…At that time, Hoi An trading port was very crowded because it was the big commercial center of Southeast Asia, foreign merchants often landed for exchanging, purchasing commodities. Due to the sedimentation of the estuary and the historic changes in many centuries, Hoi An is no longer trading port. However, it remains the invaluable cultural values. So, Hoi An was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in December, 1999.

According to statistics in 1999, Hoi Anhas 1360 monuments on the list of conservation, located in 12 communes and wards. Average density of relics is 26 sites / km2. Hoi An Ancient town belongs to Minh An ward, is an area of 2km2.

The relic sites are divided into many kinds, including ancient houses, pagodas, temples, communal houses, family temples, assembly halls, old wells, bridge, and ancient tombs. Most of them were built in 19th century and 20th century.The old house has thetubular shape with narrow facades, sometimes connects two streets with each other, and has one or two floors, brick-outer walls, wood-inner walls. The designs and interior decorations of the constructions combine traditional Vietnamese designs and techniques with other oriental architecture including Chinese and Japanese as well as style of antique European architecture.

Apart from the cultural heritages, Hoi An people have conserved and remained cultural activities, customs, religions, rituals and cuisine... All of these things make Hoi An Ancient Town has its particular and unique characteristics.

Especially, Hoi An has a very special cultural activity. In the fifteenth day of every lunar month, the whole town does not use the electric lights. On the streets and in houses, people use many lanterns of various colors and shapes. At night, tourists can walk around the streets to get more experience.This ancient town seems brighter than at night with colorful lanterns along streets and shops create the charming of Hoi An town.

Japanese Covered Bridge (Pagoda Bridge)

Lai Vien Bridge is the only old one remaining in Hoi An. The bridge is also called the Pagoda Bridge (Chua Cau) becoming the symbol of Hoi An Ancient Town. The bridge is over the branch of Thu Bon River connecting Nguyen Thi Minh Khai Street and Tran Phu Street. It was built in the end of 16th and in the early 17th century by the Japanese traders. It is a beautiful example of Japanese architecture. There are statues of two dogs located at the western end of the bridge and two monkeys at the eastern end. It is said that the statues on the bridge might have been put there by the Japanese to control the monster because the dog and the monkey are symbol of sacredness in Japanese culture. Inside the Japanese Covered Bridge in Hoi An, there is a templeof the god Bac De Tran Vo built by the Chinese traders. This god is considered to be the god of weather, giving the happiness and good things for people. The bridge was restore in 1763, 1817, 1865, 1915, 1986.

Quang Dong Asembly Hall

Quang Dong Assembly Hall was built in 1885 in 17 Tran Phu Street, Hoi An Town by Quang Dong people (Chinese) living and working in Hoi An. It was restored in 1915 and 1990 with a large scale. Quang Dong Assembly Hall was constructed according to the Chinese character “King” tourist visit this assembly hall will be attracted by an excellent work of architecture. Inside the hall has kept many ancient exhibits such as 4 big horizontal lacquered boards and a big bronze incense burner, 1,6m high, 0,6m diameter and many valuable documents of Chinese people living in Hoi An.

Quan Cong Temple (Ong Pagoda)

The Quan Cong Temple is located at 24 Tran Phu Street, Hoi An Town, one of the typical old constructions in Hoi An ancient town. Quan Cong Temple or Ong Pagoda was built in 1653 and is dedicated to Quan Cong (Quan Van Truong), who was one of the generals in the three-kingdom period of ancient China a symbolic image which represents loyalty and integrity.

Ong Pagoda was constructed according to the Chinese character “King”. The pagoda has been restored many times in 1827, 1864, 1904, and 1966. Now, the pagoda has kept many ancient exhibits such as 30 horizontal lacquered boards, 10 pairs of parallel sentences, statues of Quang Cong, Quan Binh, Chau Thuong, many steles, poems of famous poets who taught the patriotism,loyalty and integrity. This place is not only a religious building but also an attracting destination for a lot of foreigners as well as domestic tourists.

Phuc Kien Assembly Hall

PhucKien Assembly Hall was built in 1759 in 46 Tran Phu Street, Hoi An Town by PhucKien people (Chinese) living and working in Hoi An. This is not only the place to worship the Gods but also a place for whom coming from the same region to meet, talk and remember their ancestor.

Coming this assembly hall, visitors will be excited and amazing by an excellent work of architecturethat is also considered as a heritage of historical significance. It was constructed according to the Chinese character “Three” stretching from Tran Phu Street to Phan Chu Trinh Street according to the order:  three-door temple gate, yard, lake, left and right houses, main hall, back yard and back hall. Main hall worships ThienHauThanh Mau (the goddess who rescues sailors from stormy seas), Quan The Am Bo Tat (Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva) God of Wealth and 12 Goddess believed to give shape to and protect babies. Inside the assembly hall has many other statues, bronze drums and bells, big incense burners, 14 horizontal lacquered boards and many other valuable exhibits.

This place is not only a religious building but also an attracting destination for a lot of foreigners as well as domestic tourists.

Phuoc Lam Pagoda

The Phuoc Lam Pagoda is located in Cam Ha Ward, Hoi An Town, Quang Nam Province. The pagoda was built in the late 17th century and founded by Monk Minh Luong (one of the 2 monks who firstly came to Hoi An). It was built in ancient Asian architectural style, designed according to the shaped precinct, including many building items: three-door temple gate, yard, sanctuary, accommodation houses…and two bell-towers were built very firmly in the two sides of the pagoda. Currently, many valuable antiques (antique, statues, Buddhist, wooden-carved praying books) have been preserved in the sanctuary of the pagoda.

Chuc Thanh Pagoda

Chuc Thanh Pagoda is located in Cam Pho Ward, Hoi An Town, Quang Nam Province, about 1km from the center of Hoi An (along Huynh ThucKhang Street).Chuc Thanh Pagoda was well known because it was the place where the Thien Chuc Thanh chapter of the Thien Lam Te religion originated.  The pagoda was built in a combination of Chinese and Vietnamese architectural styles at the end of the 17th century, constructed according to the Chinese character “Three”.Main hall worships Tam The Phat - the Three Generation Buddha (Past, Present, and Future), Di Lac, and Eighteen Arhants. It is now managed by Buddhist Priest Thich Tri Nhan. In the yardis a statue of Quan The Am Bo Tat. Outside are the tombs of Minh Hai, Thiet Tho, An Bich, and Thien Qua priests.It was renovated both in 1956 and 1964.

Bang An Tower

Bang An Tower is located on Dien An commune, Dien Ban, 30km to the South of Da Nang and about 14km to the West of Hoi An ancient town. It was built in the end of 9th century and the early the 10th century. The shape of Bang An tower is like a huge Lingastanding against the vast sky. Bang An tower was the octagonal tower with each side of 4m wide. The hight of the tower is 21,5m (consisting of the body and the roof), the body is 12,7m high. Inside the tower has the stone Linga- a symbol of Siva, the supreme God. Next to the entrance have 2 big stone statues of Gagiasimha (an animal has the head of elephant and he body of the lion). According to the researchers of Cham Culture, Bang An tower is monument with high value of history which is related to the religion of Cham people. So, Bang An tower attracts more and more tourists coming here to visit.

My Son Holly Land - A World Heritage Site

My Son Holy Land is located Duy Tan Commune, Duy Xuyen District, about 80 km to the west-south from D a Nang city, about 20 km to the west from  Tra Kieu and 40 km from Hoi An Ancient town. It is situated in the valley surrounding by the forest, 2km diameter.

My Son was the holy land of Hinduism of Champa Kingdom. According to the first stele in about the late 4th century, King Bhadravarman had a wooden temple built to worship God Shiva-Bhadresvara.   2 centuries later, the first wooden temple was wholly burnt in a large fire.

In the early 7th century, King Sambhuvarman had the temple worshipping God Bhadresvara built and renamed it Sambhu-Bhadresvara which still remains today. The next Kings had the old temples restored and built the new temples to worship their Gods.

Consisting of more than 70 stone structures built from the 7th century to 13th century, My Son became the most important architectural center of Champa Kingdom. The main temples of My Son worshiped the Linga, a symbol of Siva, a supreme God. The God-King in My Son was Bhadresvara who created the first Dynasty of Amaravati in the end 4th century.

In 1898, My Son Relics were found by French scholar M.C Paris. In 1902, H.Parmentier-an architect and archaeologist finished the inventory of the temples in My Son. He divided these temples into many groups with different names according to Latin words: A, A’, B, C, D…The temples in My Son shows all styles of Champa architecture.

- E1 My Son style: (Ancient style: the 7th-8th century) consisting of E1, E5 towers.

- Hoa Lai style (the 8th century- first half of the 9th century) consisting of F (1, 2, 3); A’ (1, 2, 3, 4); C7; C1; D1.

- Dong Duong style (mid 9th century-early 10th century) consisting of A10, B4.

- A1 My Son style (the 10th century) comprising temples A1, B (2, 5,6, 8); C (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6); D (1, 2, 4).

- PoNagar style (the 11th century) consisting of E4, K.

- Binh Dinh style (centuries 12-13) consisting of B1 tower and tower groups G1, H1.

The main temple A1 was the biggest construction in My Son and considered a masterpiece of Cham architectural art. A1 tower was 24m high, 10m for each side. There are 6 small towers around A1 temple. Tragically, it was broken down by bombs in 1969.

From 1837 to 1944, the E.F.E.O (EcoleFrancaised’Extreme Orient) restored the towers. However, this area was strongly destroyed in the wars.

After 1975, among 35 remaining relics, about 20 towers were still in shape but not intact.

From 1981 to 1991, My Son were protected and restored by the Vietnam-Poland cultural co-operation programme under the technical guidance of a Polish architect.

Most of sculptural works in My Son were collected and took to Da Nang city and displayed in the Museum of Sculpture Cham. My Son Relics has been inscribed by UNESCO in the list of World Cultural Heritage on December 01. 1999.

Chien Dan Tower

Chien Dan Tower is a group of three towers built in the 11th or 12th century and dedicated to three deities of the Champa Kingdom: Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma, arranged in a straight line of the north –south direction, the entrance in the east.  Chien Dan Tower is located in Tam An Commune, PhuNinh District, about 5km to the north from the city of Tam Ky, Quang Nam Province; 60km south of Da Nang City, near the National Highway 1A.

The middle town was maintained better than two other towers; it still remains a storey on the summit. The summits of the northern tower and southern tower were completely broken down. The 3 towers have the same shape with square foundation. The roof is the storeys lessened to top. There were no decorative motifs on body of Chien Dan tower Pillars and narrow rectangular edges along the bodies made the towers seem to be higher. Each tower has an entrance and 3 false doors. Over the Do was a vault sharpened over like a fig-tree’s leaf. In the middle was a diamond-shaped hole used for fixing and ear-shaped carving (tympan). A series of similar kala’s faces were engraved in the sandstone fringes of the roof.

Today, at the site of the Chien Dan Tower, there is a showroom displaying Cham objects, including many high quality statues of people, Goddess, Naga, Garuda, elephant…attracting visitors and researchers. These sculptural works has Chien Dan architectural style in the end of 10th century.

Khuong My Tower

Khuong My towersis located in Tam Xuan I commune, Nui Thanh District and about 2 km to the Southwest from Tam Ky city, is the religious construction of Champa people. Khuong My towers is a group of three towers in line from the north to the South. The entrance is in the east and has 5 false doors.

Khuong My towers were built in traditional Champa tower with a nearly square section, roof is including 3 parts (layers), the bottom and middle layers are the same, but the middle layer is smaller. The top of tower was made from sandstone. Because of many sculptures found here have the characteristic of Vishnu, some researchers supposed Khuong My towers were temples of Vishnu. There were many artifacts are found, including sculpture, statues of people; Naga, monkeys, horses, elephants and all of kinds decorate of the base; wall, corners, top of towers…Most the artifacts of Khuong My are displayed at the Museum of Cham Sculpture in Da Nang. The researchers divides them into a particular style, Khuong My style.

Ancient Capital Of Tra Kieu

Ancient capital of Tra Kieu is situated in Tra Kieu village, Duy Son Commune, Duy Xuyen Distric, Quang Nam Province; 45km to the south-west of Da Nang City, on the road 610. The remaining relic is some parts of the wall which is 3m high. The foot of the fortress is 6m thick, divided into 3 parts: the outer wall and the inner wall aremade from brick, the clay middle part 3,3m. Tra Kieu or Imperial City Simhapura from the 4th century to the 9th century was the important political center of Champa King dom, built in the end of the 9th century under the King Bhadravarman.

French archaeologists carried out the first excavation in Tra Kieu from 1927-1928. They found out all bases of the northern tower groups in the citadel. Most sculpture works has the Tra Kieu architectural style, found in early years of the 20th century were displayed in the Da Nang Museum of Cham Sculpture consisting of statues, altars, sculpture decorative objects, etc…

Tra Kieu Church

Tra Kieu Church is situated in the old quarter of Tra Kieu, Duy Son Commune, Duy Xuyen Distric, Quang Nam Province. It was built in 1722 at one location, and then transferred to its current site in 1865.

In 1971, Priest Phero Le Nhu Hao built the present cathedral according to 17th century European architecture.

Next to the church are the Love of the Cross Convent built in 1867, the Museum of Traditions and the Church of the Holy Mother located on a 60m hill.